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Thursday, March 14, 2013

EDLD 5364 UDL Lesson Causes and Significant Events of US Civil War


Causes and Significant Events of the US Civil War


Lesson Overview

Title: Causes and Significant Events of the US Civil War
Author: Charles Sanford
Subject: Social Studies
Grade Level(s): 6–8
Duration: 1 week

Unit Description

This week's lesson is part of a larger 8th grade Civil War Unit.  The goal of the unit is for students to identify, understand and evaluate individuals, issues, and events of the Civil War.

Lesson Description for Day

This week's lesson will help students understand and evaluate what causes contributed to the US Civil War. They will also understand and evaluate significant events that occurred during the US Civil War.

State Standards

113.20. Social Studies, Grade 8,
(b)  Knowledge and skills.
(8)  History. The student understands individuals, issues, and events of the Civil War. The student is expected to:
(B)  explain the causes of the Civil War, including sectionalism, states' rights, and slavery, and significant events of the Civil War, including the firing on Fort Sumter; the battles of Antietam, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg; the announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation; Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court House; and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln
NETS-S
1. Creativity and Innovation
Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge, and develop innovative products and processes using technology.
b. Create original works as a means of personal or group expression.
2. Communication and Collaboration
Students use digital media and environments to communicate and work collaboratively, including at a distance, to support individual learning and contribute to the learning of others.
b. Communicate information and ideas effectively to multiple audiences using a variety of media and formats.



Goals
Unit Goals: 
1. Students should understand the causes, battles, and effects of the Civil War. They should be able to debate the causes of the Civil War.
2. Students should also be able to recognize famous Civil War leaders and events to allow them to understand many important terms they run into on a daily basis. Students should understand that the Civil War was the turning point of our nation.
3. Students should understand the importance and impact of speeches by  Abraham Lincoln which espoused liberty, equality and the importance of the maintaining the Union.

Lesson Goals: 
1.Students will identify and evaluate the causes of the US Civil War including sectionalism, states' rights, and slavery. 
2.Students will identify and evaluate significant historical events of the US Civil War, including the firing on Fort Sumter, the battles of Antietam, Gettysburg, and Vicksburg; the Emancipation Proclamation, Lee's surrender at Appomattox; and the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.


Methods
Anticipatory Set: 
As students enter the room, heterogeneous groups of 5 students will be formed.  A copy of a letter written by either a Confederate or Union soldier will be given to each group along with each student receiving an ipod touch or ipad.  They will listen to a voice recording of the letter as they read along. (recognition network support) (Visual Accomodation) When students have finished with the readings, each group will discuss what they read/heard.  The teacher will direct the students to the Poll Everywhere icon and each student will enter a response (strategic network support) on their ipod/ipad to the following questions:(recognition network support)
1.  What US Civil War causes and events where you already aware of?
2.  What new information did the letters give you for the causes or events of the Civil War?
3.  What other information do you want to learn about the causes and significant events of the US Civil War?
4.  What emotions did you feel as you read/heard the letters?
As each question is responded to, the teacher will write responses on a KWHL chart so students may refer to it during the week.


Introduce and Model New Knowledge: 
Watch the video Globe Trekker: American Civil War with the closed caption feature.(Visual Accomodation) Ask students to pay particular attention to any events or causes that may have been missed during the introductory responses.  After the film, a timeline dating from 1845 -1865 will be placed on the Interactive White Board and a copy given to each student.  Causes or events will be added to the timeline on the IWB.  Additionally, students will add newly discovered events or causes to the KWL chart.  Students will also write on their timeline, the same events.  Time period photographs of the objective requirements will be added.  Guiding questions about the timeline and period photographs.(recognition network support)
1.  Are there any additional causes or events that contributed to the start of the US Civil War?
2.  What do you consider to be the most important causes and events of the US Civil War? Why?
3.  Do you believe the US Civil War was necessary? Why?


Provide Guided Practice: 
Students will have the opportunity to research additional information on the US Civil War causes and significant events.  Since they will have the opportunity to work alone or with another student for their choice of products, they may choose their partners now.  They will be directed to the computer lab and given appropriate websites to research information with the previous questions as a guide.  They will use their copy of the timeline to record any new information they discover.  Once all the students have finished research, the class will meet to add the new information to the class timeline.  The teacher will make certain that events and causes include the stated objectives.(strategic network support)

Provide Independent Practice:
To make certain the objectives have been achieved for each student, the students will have the opportunity to choose one of five different products (strategic network support) (affective network support)to demonstrate understanding of  US Civil War causes and events.  Students may work alone or with another student. 
Product 1: Make An Electronic Book:  The students will use CAST Book Builder to create an online electronic book detailing the causes and events of the US Civil War as discussed in class. 
Product 2: Writing: pencils, paper, word processor with text-to-speech. Students pretend they are a soldier in the war and write a letter home.  Include the causes and events of the US Civil War in the letter.
Product 3: Art: markers, crayons, pencils, paper, glue, and scissors, computer drawing program. Students may create pictures that demonstrate understanding of the US Civil War causes and events.
Product 4:  Create Video Slideshow: Students use Animoto or Photostory 3 to create a picture slideshow of causes and events of the US Civil War.
Product 5:  Video Creation Center.  Students use a flip camera to reenact significant events of the US Civil War. 

Wrap-Up

At the end of the week's lesson, students will have the opportunity to present each of their products to the class.  The classroom will play time period music and provide "Johnnie Cake" and Union Hardtack as part of the culminating activity.

Assessment
Formative/Ongoing Assessment: 
Ipod touches will be used for formative assessment by using Poll Everywhere. Rubrics for each of the activities requirements.  Observation.

Summative/End Of Lesson Assessment: 
Presentations of the chosen activity will be used to determine students understanding of the significant events and causes of the US Civil War.


Materials

Web Sites

Encyclopedia Britannica Online http://school.eb.com/
World Book Online http://www.worldbookonline.com

Video & Audio Resources

Globe Trekker: American Civil War Pilot Productions,  2006 . Full Video.
Discovery Education. Web. 12 March 2013. <http://www.discoveryeducation.com/>.
Civil War Period Music http://www.pdmusic.org/civilwar.html

Other Resources

ipod touch
ipad
Interactive White Board
computer lab

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